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Vermont Family Forests
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Conserving The Health Of Our Local Forest Community


Legacy Tree Benchmark

There are a minimum of three vigorous and wind-firm legacy trees per acre measuring over 19 inches in diameter at breast height (DBH).

Tree Species Richness Benchmark

Native tree species richness is maintained when pre- and post-treatment levels are compared.

Snag & Cavity Trees Benchmark

There are a minimum of four large, secure cavity or snag trees per acre with one exceeding 21 inches in diameter at breast height (DBH) and four exceeding 15 inches.

Access Paths and Trails Benchmark

Erosion control structures such as water bars, broad-baed dips, and trun-ups are properly installed on all forwarding paths and skid trails at intervals according to Table 1 of the Vermotn AMPs.

Log Landing Benchmark

Log landings are located on nearly level, stable ground, kept out of protective strips, and graded to prevent soil erosion and stream sedimentation.

Stream Crossing Benchmark

Streams are crossed with bridges or culverts that are properly sized according to Table 2 in the Vermont AMPs and carefully installed perpendicular to the stream.

Large Downed Wood Benchmark

There are a minimum of four downed trees or 16+ foot long logs per acre on average, with one exceeding 21 inches DBH and four exceeding 15 inches DBH.*

Small Woody Debris Benchmark

All leaves, needles, and tree limbs less than 3 inches in diameter are left in or close to the place where they were felled.

Stream Protective Strip Benchmark

All streams are bordered by protective strips that exceed the minimum widths listed in Table 4 of the Vermont AMPs, have little or no bare mineral soil or ground disturbance, and have at least 70% crown closure.

Stream Condition Benchmark

All streams and other bodies of water are kept free of logging slash, debris, and waste.

Ecologically Sensitive Areas Benchmark

Sensitive areas such as rare upland forest communities and forest wetlands are properly buffered.

Non-native Invasive Tree & Shrub Species Benchmark

Invasive tree and shrub species are absent.