Rewilding Happen(ing)s!

Commoners Explore Ways to Care for Our Natural Commonwealth

“Hail Winooski River! Hail Mad River! Hail Middlebury River! Hail Lake Champlain!”

With this rousing tribute, Caring for Our Home Grounds: A Commons Conservation Congress for Vermont’s Center-West Ecoregion, sprang to life on November 2, 2019. After leading the eighty-plus participants in a salute to the four waterways that bound Vermont’s Center-West Ecoregion, Vermont Family Forests Executive Director David Brynn gave one final instruction: “Now please turn to the person next to you and say, “Hail friend! Welcome to Vermont’s Center-West Ecoregion!”

There, in a nutshell, lies the intention and spirit of the Commons Conservation Congress: to celebrate the community of life—human and more-than-human, animate and inanimate—in this place we call home, and to explore ways to care for the land through the practice of commoning.

Congress participants face north as they pay tribute to the Winooski River, which marks the northern border of Vermont’s Center-West Ecoregion.

In the Congress, we focused attention on how to care for a particular subset of the land community—those elements that are not bounded and owned, and which flow across property boundaries—namely, air, water, and wildlife. We all—every human and more-than-human being within our home grounds—share these elements, and we all contribute to and are affected by their well-being—they are our commonwealth, our common assets.

In his opening remarks, David Brynn articulated the impetus for the Conservation Congress. “Our water, wildlife, and air are calling out for conservation supported by the Commoners who live in this place we get to call home,” he said. “A polluted Lake Champlain, our increasingly fragmented wildlife habitats, and an atmosphere that is choked with carbon all show that effective commoning is needed.” 

On November 2, 84 people stepped up to the task of exploring what effective commoning looks like. For an action-packed four hours, we imagined ways to care well for air, water, and wildlife here at home.

Buckminster Fuller reminded us that with any challenge, it is important to start with the Universe and it is equally important to be naïve enough to believe that we can make positive differences that will move us to a better place. We can do this if we tap our collective consciousness, if we celebrate our ecological ethnicity, if we focus less on fighting the bad and much more on imagining and manifesting the good, if we embrace concurrence and inclusive, polycentric governance, if we move from a bio-centric world view to an eco-centric one, if we think and act wholistically, if we employ the indigenous virtues of Gratitude, the western virtues of Prudence, and the eastern virtues of Compassion. If we give each other and the land our mutual-aid and support.

As descendants of the original commoners on this land when all of it was a commons, Vermont’s Abenaki people have essential insights that can inform and inspire the commoning process. Following David’s opening remarks, Elnu Abenaki citizen Melody Brook offered her perspectives on our relationship with land and home. Melody joined the congress via video conferencing.

“When we [Abenaki] say that all things are animate in our world, it goes deeper, because everything that’s part of creation is a person,” Melody said. “And if you’re a person you have will and you have thoughts of your own, you have something inside of you—it’s that fire of life. So, whether it’s a rock or it’s the beautiful hawk that visited me …, they’re all people. Look at all of my relatives—I talk to them all the time. And I let them know that we’re in this together.” 

Melody Brook began with the words of Potowatomi citizen Robin Wall Kimmerer, author of Braiding Sweetgrass: “What if we could fashion a restoration plan that grew from understanding multiple meanings of land? Land as sustainer. Land as identity. Land as grocery store and pharmacy. Land as connection to our ancestors. Land as moral obligation. Land as sacred. Land as self.

As natural community ecologist for the Vermont Fish and Wildlife Department, keynote speaker Eric Sorenson offered a scientific perspective on our relationship with the land community, and explored the potential for conserving intact ecological function and resiliency in the face of a rapidly changing climate.

In his presentation, Eric drew upon the Vermont Conservation Design (VCD) tool, which maps land features that, if appropriately conserved, will help maintain biological diversity and ecological processes into the future.

Eric explains how climate change will affect tree species composition in Vermont’s forests.

In the weeks leading up to the congress, Eric worked with VFF Conservation Mapping Specialist Callie Brynn to develop maps showing the key VCD mapping layers relative to conserving air, water, and wildlife. The resulting maps became an interactive exhibit to help orient congress participants to ecological hotspots within the Center-West Ecoregion.

What is the nature of the air, water, and wildlife in your home place? Participants pondered this question by way of an interactive mapping activity at the conservation congress.

Following Eric’s keynote, congress participants joined one of three breakout sessions, each focused on a different natural commons–air, water, or wildlife. In the breakout sessions, participants pondered a series of questions to identify and celebrate existing commons conservation in the region and to envision new efforts.

Lunch followed the breakout sessions, giving participants time to digest the morning’s discussions while digesting some locally made, locally sourced food. Good food, made with love and care, is central to every VFF event. We offered squash soup and tomato bisque made with local ingredients–many of them harvested at VFF’s Wells Farm in Lincoln–along with cheese from Orb Weaver Farm, bread from Otter Creek Bakery, cider donuts from Happy Valley Farm and cider pressed at VFF’s Wells Farm.

Congress participants provided the rest of the deliciousness. Kyra Kristof came all the way from Northampton, MA, to share food and drink from the forest itself, including three hot teas (chaga tea, white pine needle tea, and mineral mint tea, made from peppermint, nettles and nori), a cold tea , hemlock and autumn olive (which Kyra explained would become a bubbly soda if allowed to ferment), and the most amazingly delicious hickory hazelnut cookies, made with roasted shagbark hickory bark. Many other participants brought other tasty desserts.

A vibrant commons requires commoners actively engaged in commoning. There’s no one right way to care for the commons–each of us brings unique knowledge and skills to the table. The Conservation Congress was made richer by many spontaneous acts of commoning. Above, Ali Zimmer demonstrates how to make healing salves from wild herbs. Below, Huntington librarian Anne Dannenberg displayed the extensive collection of forest-related books available at her library.

When the congress reconvened, a representative from each breakout session shared the ideas that had emerged–ideas that ranged from figuring out where and how to maintain and increase safe wildlife road crossings to improving water quality by restoring the land’s ability to be a sponge.

As the congress wound to a close, David reminded participants not to get bogged down in existing paradigms. “So what if this is the way it is? If we want to change something, we should change it.”

Step up mutually beneficial connection with the land community. Celebrate and take care of the air, water, and wildlife in this place we are so fortunate to call home. Engage our individual skills and interests as we share and collaborate.

That’s what commoners do.